twitch-dl

Command-line tool for downloading videos from twitch.tv

Inspired by youtube-dl. Adds twitch-specific features and uses concurrent connections to make the download faster.

Resources

Quick start

List videos from a channel.

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex

List clips from a channel.

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex

Download a video by URL.

twitch-dl download https://www.twitch.tv/videos/1418494769

or by ID

twitch-dl download 1418494769

Download a clip by URL

twitch-dl download https://www.twitch.tv/bananasaurus_rex/clip/PlacidColdClipsdadDeIlluminati-hL2s_aLE4CHvVN4J

or by slug

twitch-dl download PlacidColdClipsdadDeIlluminati-hL2s_aLE4CHvVN4J

For more info and examples see usage.

License

twitch-dl is open source and licensed under the GNU General Public License v3.

Installation

twitch-dl requires Python 3.7 or later.

Prerequisite: FFmpeg

FFmpeg is used to join vods into a single video file.

To check if FFmpeg is available, run:

ffmpeg -version

The version number and some info should be printed.

ffmpeg version 4.3.2-0+deb11u2 Copyright (c) 2000-2021 the FFmpeg developers
built with gcc 10 (Debian 10.2.1-6)

To install FFmpeg see FFmpeg documentation.

Option 1: Download standalone archive

Go to the latest release and download the twitch-dl.<version>.pyz archive.

Run the archive by either:

a) passing it to python:

python3 twitch-dl.1.13.0.pyz --help

b) making it executable and invoking it directly (linux specific):

chmod +x twitch-dl.1.13.0.pyz
./twitch-dl.1.13.0.pyz --help

Feel free to rename the archive to something more managable, like twitch-dl.

To upgrade to a newer version, repeat the process with the newer release.

Option 2: Install from PYPI using pipx

pipx is a tool which installs python apps into isolated environments, which prevents all kinds of problems later so it's the suggested way to install twitch-dl from PYPI.

Install pipx as described in pipx install docs.

Install twitch-dl:

pipx install twitch-dl

Check installation worked:

twitch-dl --version

If twitch-dl executable is not found, check that the pipx binary location (by default ~/.local/bin) is in your PATH.

To upgrade twitch-dl to the latest version:

pipx upgrade twitch-dl

Usage

To see a list of available commands run:

twitch-dl --help

And to see description and all arguments for a given command run:

twitch-dl <command> --help

Commands

Click on a command to see it's documentation.

videosList videos from a channel.
clipsList clips from a channel.
downloadDownload a video or clip.
infoPrint info for a video or clip.

twitch-dl download

Download videos or clips.

USAGE

twitch-dl download <videos> [FLAGS] [OPTIONS]

ARGUMENTS

<videos> One or more video ID, clip slug or twitch URL to download.

FLAGS

-k, --keep Don't delete downloaded VODs and playlists after merging.
--no-join Don't run ffmpeg to join the downloaded vods, implies --keep.
--overwrite Overwrite the target file if it already exists without prompting.

OPTIONS

-w, --max-workers Number of workers for downloading vods concurrently (default 5)
-s, --start Download video from this time (hh:mm or hh:mm:ss)
-e, --end Download video up to this time (hh:mm or hh:mm:ss)
-f, --format Video format to convert into, passed to ffmpeg as the target file extension. Defaults to mkv.
-q, --quality Video quality, e.g. 720p. Set to 'source' to get best quality.
-a, --auth-token Authentication token, passed to Twitch to access subscriber only VODs. Can be copied from the 'auth_token' cookie in any browser logged in on Twitch.
-o, --output Output file name template. See docs for details.
-r, --rate-limit Limit the maximum download speed in bytes per second. Use 'k' and 'm' suffixes for kbps and mbps.
-c, --chapter Download a single chapter of the video. Specify the chapter number or use the flag without a number to display a chapter select prompt.

Examples

Download a video by ID or URL:

twitch-dl download 221837124
twitch-dl download https://www.twitch.tv/videos/221837124

Specify video quality to download to prevent a prompt:

twitch-dl download -q 720p 221837124

Setting quality to source will download the best available quality:

twitch-dl download -q source 221837124

Setting quality to audio_only will download only audio:

twitch-dl download -q audio_only 221837124

Download multiple videos one after the other:

twitch-dl download 1559928295 1557034274 1555157293 -q source

Overriding the target file name

The target filename can be defined by passing the --output option followed by the desired file name, e.g. --output strim.mkv.

The filename uses Python format string syntax and may contain placeholders in curly braces which will be replaced with relevant information tied to the downloaded video, e.g. --output "{date}_{id}.{format}".

The supported placeholders are:

PlaceholderDescriptionSample
{id}Video ID1255522958
{title}Video titleDark Souls 3 First playthrough
{title_slug}Slugified video titledark_souls_3_first_playthrough
{datetime}Video date and time2022-01-07T04:00:27Z
{date}Video date2022-01-07
{time}Video time04:00:27Z
{channel}Channel nameKatLink
{channel_login}Channel loginkatlink
{format}File extension, see --formatmkv
{game}Game nameDark Souls III
{game_slug}Slugified game namedark_souls_iii
{slug}Clip slug (clips only)AbrasivePlacidCatDxAbomb

A couple of examples:

Pattern{date}_{id}_{channel_login}_{title_slug}.{format} (default)
Expands to2022-01-07_1255522958_katlink_dark_souls_3_first_playthrough.mkv

Pattern{channel} - {game} - {title}.{format}
Expands toKatLink - Dark Souls III - Dark Souls 3 First playthrough.mkv

Downloading subscriber-only VODs

To download sub-only VODs, you need to find your auth token. It can be found using your browser, in a cookie named auth_token.

  1. Open twitch.tv in your browser and make sure you're logged in.
  2. Open developer tools (F12 shortcut in Firefox and Chrome).
  3. Open the Storage tab on Firefox, or Application tab in Chrome.
  4. Click on Cookieshttps://www.twitch.tv/ in the sidebar.
  5. Find the auth-token cookie in the list and copy it's value.

How to find the auth token in dev tools

The auth token will be a 30 character long string of random letters and numbers, something like iduetx4i107rn4b9wrgctf590aiktv. Then you can pass this to the download command:

twitch-dl download 221837124 --auth-token iduetx4i107rn4b9wrgctf590aiktv

twitch-dl videos

List videos for a channel.

USAGE

twitch-dl videos <channel_name> [FLAGS] [OPTIONS]

ARGUMENTS

<channel_name> Name of the channel to list videos for.

FLAGS

-a, --all Fetch all videos, overrides --limit
-j, --json Show results as JSON. Ignores --pager.
-c, --compact Show videos in compact mode, one line per video

OPTIONS

-g, --game Show videos of given game (can be given multiple times)
-l, --limit Number of videos to fetch. Defaults to 40 in copmpact mode, 10 otherwise.
-s, --sort Sorting order of videos. Defaults to time. Possible values: views, time.
-t, --type Broadcast type. Defaults to archive. Possible values: archive, highlight, upload.
-p, --pager Print videos in pages. Ignores --limit. Defaults to 10.

Examples

List recent channel videos (10 by default):

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex

Limit to videos of one or more games:

twitch-dl videos --game "doom eternal" --game "cave story" bananasaurus_rex

List all channel videos at once:

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex --all

List all channel videos in pages of 10:

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex --pager

Page size can be adjusted by passing number of items per page:

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex --pager 5

Returns all videos as a JSON list. Useful for scripting.

twitch-dl videos bananasaurus_rex --json --all

twitch-dl clips

List or download clips for a channel.

USAGE

twitch-dl clips <channel_name> [FLAGS] [OPTIONS]

ARGUMENTS

<channel_name> Name of the channel to list clips for.

FLAGS

-a, --all Fetch all videos, overrides --limit
-j, --json Show results as JSON. Ignores --pager.
-d, --download Download all videos in given period (in source quality)

OPTIONS

-l, --limit Number of videos to fetch (default 10, max 100)
-P, --period Period from which to return clips. Defaults to all_time. Possible values: last_day, last_week, last_month, all_time.
-p, --pager Number of clips to show per page. Disabled by default.

Listing clips

By default returns top 10 clips of all time.

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex

Increase the number of clips returned.

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --limit 50

Return all clips, may require multiple requests, see notes.

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --all

Return clips from past day/week/month by changing the period:

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --period past_week

List all clips, 10 clips at the time:

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --pager

Print clips data in JSON. Useful for scripting.

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --json

Download all clips of the past week, won't overwrite exisitng ones:

twitch-dl clips bananasaurus_rex --download --period last_week

Notes

Clips are fetched in batches no larger than 100. When requesting more than 100 clips, it takes more than one request so it can take a little time. You can see individual requests by passing the --debug flag.

Currently it doesn't seem to be possible to get a list of clips ordered by time of creation, only by view count. Clips with the same view count seem to be returned in random order. This can break paging resulting in duplicate clips listed or clips missed.

twitch-dl info

Print information for a given Twitch URL, video ID or clip slug.

USAGE

twitch-dl info <video> [FLAGS]

ARGUMENTS

<video> Video ID, clip slug, or URL

FLAGS

-j, --json Show results as JSON

Examples

Print info about a video:

twitch-dl info 863849735

Print info about a clip:

twitch-dl info BusyBlushingCattleItsBoshyTime

Print JSON encoded info:

twitch-dl info BusyBlushingCattleItsBoshyTime --json

twitch-dl env

Print environment information for inclusion in bug reports.

USAGE

twitch-dl env 

Includes the twitch-dl version, platform details and python version. Does not include any personal information.

On Linux this may return something like:

twitch-dl 1.21.0
Platform: Linux-5.10.0-10-amd64-x86_64-with-glibc2.31
Python 3.9.2 (default, Feb 28 2021, 17:03:44) [GCC 10.2.1 20210110]

On Windows:

twitch-dl 1.21.0
Platform: Windows-10-10.0.19041-SP0
Python 3.9.4 (tags/v3.9.4:1f2e308, Apr 6 2021, 13:40:21) [MSC v.1928 64 bit (AMD64)]

Advanced

Temporary files

By default, twitch-dl will download VODs to your systems temp dir (e.g. /tmp/ on Linux). To change the location where the files are downloaded you can set the TMP environment variable, e.g.

TMP=/my/tmp/path/ twitch-dl download 221837124

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A "contributor" is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor's "contributor version".

A contributor's "essential patent claims" are all patent claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, "control" includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.

Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor's essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version.

In the following three paragraphs, a "patent license" is any express agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To "grant" such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.

If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a publicly available network server or other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to downstream recipients. "Knowingly relying" means you have actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that you have reason to believe are valid.

If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on it.

A patent license is "discriminatory" if it does not include within the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in connection with specific products or compilations that contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.

Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.

12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.

If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.

13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.

14. Revised Versions of this License.

The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General Public License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program.

Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version.

15. Disclaimer of Warranty.

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17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.

If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.

END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively state the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.

    <one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
    Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>

    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program.  If not, see <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

If the program does terminal interaction, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

    <program>  Copyright (C) <year>  <name of author>
    This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
    This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
    under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.

The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, your program's commands might be different; for a GUI interface, you would use an "about box".

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. For more information on this, and how to apply and follow the GNU GPL, see https://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

The GNU General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Lesser General Public License instead of this License. But first, please read https://www.gnu.org/licenses/why-not-lgpl.html.

twitch-dl changelog

2.1.1 (2022-11-20)

  • Fix Python 3.7 compatibility (#117, thanks @eliduvid)
  • Fix default value for game_ids (#102, thanks @FunnyPocketBook)

2.1.0 (2022-11-20)

  • Add chapter list to info command
  • Add download --chapter option for downloading a single chapter

2.0.1 (2022-09-09)

  • Fix an issue where a temp vod file would be renamed while still being open, which caused an exception on Windows (#111)

2.0.0 (2022-08-18)

This release switches from using requests to httpx for making http requests, and from threads to asyncio for concurrency. This enables easier implementation of new features, but has no breaking changes for the CLI.

  • BREAKING: Require Python 3.7 or later.
  • Add --rate-limit option to download for limiting maximum bandwidth when downloading.
  • Add --compact option to download for displaying one video per line.
  • Allow passing multiple video ids to download to download multiple videos successively.
  • Improved progress meter, updates on each chunk downloaded, instead of each VOD downloaded.
  • Improved speed estimate, displays recent speed instead of average speed since the start of download.
  • Decreased default concurrent downloads to 5. This seems to be enough to saturate the download link in most cases. You can override this by setting the -w option. Please test and report back if this works for you.

1.22.0 (2022-06-25)

  • Add support for downloading subscriber-only VODs (#48, thanks @cemiu)

1.21.0 (2022-02-27)

  • Add env command for printing environment info for attaching to bug reports

1.20.0 (2022-02-25)

  • Add --json option to videos command (#92, thanks @miff2000)
  • Add --all option to videos and clips commands to list all clips or videos in one go.
  • Modify how --pager works, will make multiple requests if needed to show all available items, ignoring --limit.

1.19.0 (2022-02-05)

  • Add support for downloading audio only (#10)

1.18.1 (2022-02-05)

  • Fix issues with output formats (#87, #89)
  • Fix issues when downloading clip with no game set (#78)
  • Add option to use clip slug in --output format

1.18.0 (2022-01-25)

  • Add --output option to download command which allows setting output file template (#70)
  • Ask to overwrite before downloading to avoid later prompt

1.17.1 (2022-01-19)

  • Upgrade m3u8 lib to 1.0.0+

1.17.0 (2021-12-03)

  • Fix speed calculation when resuming download (#75, thanks CroquetteTheThe)
  • Add artist and title metadata to resulting video (#80)

1.16.1 (2021-07-31)

  • Fix compat with older versions of python (#71)

1.16.0 (2021-06-09)

  • Fix clips download caused by Twitch changes (#64, thanks to all participants)

1.15.0 (2021-02-15)

  • Add support for new format of clip slug (thanks @Loveangel1337)

1.14.1 (2021-01-14)

  • Handle videos which don't exist more gracefully

1.14.0 (2021-01-14)

  • Added info command for displaying video or clip info (#51)
  • Don't show there are more videos when there aren't (#52, thanks @scottyallen)
  • Fixed Twitch regression for getting the access token (#53)

1.13.1 (2020-11-23)

  • Fixed clip download issue (#45)

1.13.0 (2020-11-10)

  • Added clips command for listing and batch downloading clips (#26)

1.12.1 (2020-09-29)

  • Fix bug introduced in previous version which broke joining

1.12.0 (2020-09-29)

  • Added source as alias for best available quality (#33)
  • Added --no-join option to download to skip ffmpeg join (#36)
  • Added --overwrite option to download to overwrite target without prompting for confirmation (#37)
  • Added --pager option to videos, don't page by default (#30)

1.11.0 (2020-09-03)

  • Make downloading more robust, fixes issues with some VODs (#35)
  • Bundle twitch-dl to a standalone archive, simplifying installation, see installation instructions in README

1.10.2 (2020-08-11)

  • Fix version number displayed by twitch-dl --version (#29)

1.10.1 (2020-08-09)

  • Fix videos incorrectly identified as clips (#28)
  • Make download command work with video URLs lacking 'www' before 'twitch.tv'
  • Print an error when video or clip is not found instead of an exception trace

1.10.0 (2020-08-07)

  • Add --quality option to download command, allows specifying the video quality to download. In this case, twitch-dl will require no user input. (#22)
  • Fix download of clips which contain numbers in their slug (#24)
  • Fix URL to video displayed by videos command (it was missing /videos/)

1.9.0 (2020-06-10)

  • Breaking: wrongly named --max_workers option changed to --max-workers. The shorthand option -w remains the same.
  • Fix bug where videos command would crash if there was no game info (#21)
  • Allow unicode characters in filenames, no longer strips e.g. cyrillic script

1.8.0 (2020-05-17)

  • Fix videos command (#18)
  • Breaking: videos command no longer takes the --offset parameter due to API changes
  • Add paging to videos command to replace offset
  • Add --game option to videos command to filter by game

1.7.0 (2020-04-25)

  • Support for specifying broadcast type when listing videos (#13)

1.6.0 (2020-04-11)

  • Support for downloading clips (#15)

1.5.1 (2020-04-11)

  • Fix VOD naming issue (#12)
  • Nice console output while downloading

1.5.0 (2020-04-10)

  • Fix video downloads after Twitch deprecated access token access
  • Don't print errors when retrying download, only if all fails

1.4.0 (2019-08-23)

  • Fix usage of deprecated v3 API
  • Use m3u8 lib for parsing playlists
  • Add --keep option not preserve downloaded VODs

1.3.1 (2019-08-13)

  • No changes, bumped to fix issue with pypi

1.3.0 (2019-08-13)

  • Add --sort and --offset options to videos command, allows paging (#7)
  • Show video URL in videos command output

1.2.0 (2019-07-05)

  • Add --format option to download command for specifying the output format (#6)
  • Add --version option for printing program version

1.1.0 (2019-06-06)

  • Allow limiting download by start and end time

1.0.0 (2019-04-30)

  • Initial release